Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia Treatment Market 

Market Overview

The global Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia Treatment Market is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 6.0% during the forecast period (2023-2030)

The Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) treatment market has witnessed significant advancements and growth over the years. CML is a type of blood cancer that affects the bone marrow and leads to the overproduction of abnormal white blood cells. Historically, the treatment landscape for CML was limited, with chemotherapy and bone marrow transplants being the primary options. However, the advent of targeted therapy revolutionized CML treatment.

One of the major breakthroughs in CML treatment was the development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. These drugs specifically target the abnormal protein produced by the Philadelphia chromosome, which is responsible for CML. TKIs have significantly improved patient outcomes, inducing deep molecular responses and prolonging survival rates. They have become the standard of care for CML patients.

Additionally, the introduction of second- and third-generation TKIs provided more treatment options for patients who developed resistance or intolerance to first-line therapy. These newer agents, such as ponatinib and bosutinib, offer enhanced efficacy and overcome specific resistance mutations.

Moreover, advancements in molecular diagnostics have enabled the early detection of CML and monitoring of treatment response. Genetic testing for the BCR-ABL1 fusion gene is crucial in diagnosing CML and determining the appropriate treatment approach.

The CML treatment market continues to evolve with ongoing research and development of novel therapies, including next-generation TKIs, immune-based approaches, and combination therapies. These advancements aim to further improve patient outcomes, reduce treatment-related side effects, and potentially achieve treatment-free remission.

Market Scope And Summary

The Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) treatment market has expanded significantly due to advancements in targeted therapies, particularly tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. These drugs have revolutionized CML treatment by improving patient outcomes and prolonging survival rates. The market has also witnessed the development of second- and third-generation TKIs to address resistance or intolerance issues. Molecular diagnostics have played a vital role in early detection and treatment monitoring. Ongoing research focuses on novel therapies, including next-generation TKIs and immune-based approaches, to further enhance patient outcomes and potentially achieve treatment-free remission.

Market Dynamics

In 2021, the global chronic myeloid leukaemia market was rather big, and it is expected to rise considerably over the projected period. The increased prevalence of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a primary driver of revenue growth in the CML treatment sector.

CML (chronic myeloid leukaemia) is a kind of leukaemia that affects white blood cells. Chronic myeloid leukaemia and chronic granulocytic leukaemia are two more names for it. It is a kind of cancer that starts in the blood-forming cells of the bone marrow. In chronic myeloid leukaemia, a genetic alteration occurs in an early (immature) version of myeloid cells, which are the cells that produce red blood cells, platelets, and the majority of white blood cells (excluding lymphocytes). Because of this mutation, the cell produces an aberrant gene known as BCR-ABL, causing it to evolve into a chronic myeloid leukaemia cell. Leukemic cells expand and proliferate, collecting in the bone marrow and spreading throughout the body. Other organs, including the spleen, may eventually be colonised by the cells. Chronic myelogenous leukemia is slow-growing leukemia that can progress to fast-growing acute leukemia that is difficult to cure.

It is rather common to have chronic myeloid leukaemia with no symptoms. As they grow, they can cause bone pain, bruising, fever, discomfort or fullness behind the left rib cage, bruising, anaemia, thrombocytopenia, basophilia, and an enlarged spleen. It primarily affects the elderly and, in rare cases, children, but anybody of any age might be afflicted.

Some of The Factors Supporting Market Growth

The chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment market is experiencing growth due to the increasing incidence of CML. According to the American Cancer Society, it is estimated that approximately 8,860 new cases of CML will be diagnosed in the United States in 2022. Among these cases, men outnumber women with a difference of 5,120, accounting for 3,740 cases in men. These statistics highlight the significant number of individuals at risk of developing CML, which is expected to have a direct impact on the revenue growth of the CML treatment market in the foreseeable future.

The rising frequency of CML underscores the need for effective treatment options to manage the disease and improve patient outcomes. As a result, pharmaceutical companies and researchers are investing in the development of innovative therapies and targeted drugs, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), to address the growing demand for CML treatment.

The projected increase in CML cases indicates a larger patient population requiring medical intervention, which in turn fuels the demand for CML treatments. Consequently, the expanding market potential and the continuous advancements in treatment options contribute to the revenue growth of the CML treatment market.


The high cost of therapy is the biggest hindrance to market revenue development. However, difficulties related to chemotherapy and stringent medication regulations are projected to stymie market revenue growth over the projection period.


The establishment of a robust domain for cancer therapy is anticipated to have a positive impact on the revenue growth potential of the chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) treatment market. Manufacturers within the global CML therapy market have been proactive in their efforts to enhance their revenue index. They have achieved this by forging strategic partnerships with renowned medical institutes and healthcare facilities, which has proven beneficial in terms of market success.

Furthermore, research and development (R&D) initiatives within specialized sectors have played a significant role in driving the growth prospects of key manufacturers. Pfizer Inc., for instance, completed its acquisition of Trillium Therapeutics in November 2021. Trillium Therapeutics is a clinical-stage immuno-oncology company that focuses on developing innovative cancer therapies. This strategic move by Pfizer highlights their commitment to expanding their portfolio and expertise in the field of cancer treatment, including CML. Such investments in R&D and collaborations contribute to the overall growth potential of the CML treatment market.

By establishing strong partnerships and investing in specialized R&D, manufacturers can enhance their capabilities and gain a competitive edge in the market. These initiatives facilitate the development of new and improved treatment options for CML patients, which in turn drives market revenue growth. The continuous efforts by industry players to strengthen their presence and advance therapeutic approaches reflect the ongoing commitment to address the unmet needs of CML patients and improve treatment outcomes.

Market challenges

While the Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) treatment market has witnessed significant advancements, it also faces several challenges that impact its growth and efficacy. Here are some key challenges:

Drug resistance: Over time, some CML patients develop resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), which are the standard treatment. This resistance can limit the effectiveness of these medications, requiring alternative treatment strategies and posing challenges in managing the disease.

Treatment-related adverse effects: TKIs can cause various side effects, including fatigue, gastrointestinal issues, skin rashes, and cardiovascular complications. These adverse effects may impact patient compliance and quality of life, necessitating the need for better tolerability and management strategies.

High treatment costs: CML treatment, particularly with targeted therapies like TKIs, can be expensive, posing financial burdens for patients and healthcare systems. Access to these costly medications can be challenging, especially in regions with limited resources or inadequate healthcare coverage.

Monitoring and disease management: Regular monitoring of treatment response and disease progression is crucial in CML management. This requires specialized laboratory testing, including molecular diagnostics, which may not be widely available or accessible in all healthcare settings.

Relapse and progression: Despite initial treatment success, some CML patients may experience relapse or disease progression. Identifying optimal treatment strategies for these cases, including the use of newer therapies or combination approaches, presents ongoing challenges.

Treatment discontinuation and relapse risk: Treatment-free remission (TFR) has emerged as a goal for some CML patients. However, discontinuing treatment carries the risk of relapse, and determining the appropriate candidates for TFR and managing their long-term outcomes remain challenges.

Market barriers

  • The Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) treatment market faces several barriers that hinder its progress and accessibility. Here are some key barriers:
  • Limited access to healthcare: In many regions, particularly low-income countries or areas with inadequate healthcare infrastructure, access to proper diagnosis and treatment for CML can be limited. This results in delayed diagnosis, suboptimal treatment, and poorer patient outcomes.
  • High treatment costs: The cost of CML treatments, including targeted therapies like tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), can be prohibitively high. This financial burden creates barriers to access for patients, especially in regions with limited healthcare coverage or insufficient financial resources.
  • Lack of awareness and education: Limited awareness about CML among the general population, healthcare professionals, and even some regions can delay diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Improving awareness and education about CML symptoms, diagnosis, and available treatment options is crucial for early detection and better patient outcomes.
  • Resistance to therapy: Some CML patients develop resistance to TKIs over time, leading to treatment failure. The development of effective strategies to overcome resistance and provide alternative treatment options is a challenge that needs to be addressed.
  • Monitoring and infrastructure limitations: Regular monitoring of CML treatment response and disease progression requires access to specialized laboratory testing and infrastructure, including molecular diagnostics. Limited availability and accessibility of such resources can pose barriers to effective disease management.
  • Disparities in healthcare access: Disparities in healthcare access, both within and between countries, contribute to unequal treatment outcomes for CML patients. Socioeconomic factors, geographic location, and healthcare system variations can lead to disparities in diagnosis, treatment options, and overall care.

Geographic Market Scenario
Largest Market Share:

North America is expected to dominate the global chronic myeloid leukemia treatment market. The United States has the largest revenue share in this region. Presence of prominent players, high prevalence of chronic myeloid leukemia patients in the region, developed healthcare infrastructure and availability of brand name drugs are some of the key factors responsible for the large market share .

Moreover, advantageous government efforts and an increase in the number of research collaborations are likely to fuel the expansion of the market. Chronic myeloid leukemia accounts for about 15% of all new leukemia cases. In the United States, about 1 in 526 people will have chronic myeloid leukemia in their lifetime. The typical age of diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia is around 64 years old.

Fastest Growing Region:

The Asia-Pacific region is expected to register a significant revenue CAGR during the forecast period, owing to increasing investment in research and development initiatives by biotech and pharmaceutical companies driving the market expansion. Manufacturers focus on reducing the cost of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Meanwhile, governments in several countries are taking steps to provide tyrosine kinase inhibitors to a large portion of the population who cannot afford them. Researchers are also focusing on polypharmacology to find drugs that can act on multiple targets. This opens new avenues for drug discovery that go beyond the "one drug, one target" paradigm.

Key Market Trends and Innovations

The chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment market is expected to witness an increase in treatment demand and subsequent revenue growth due to several factors. Firstly, the growing number of CML patients contributes to the rising demand for effective therapies. As the incidence of CML continues to rise, the patient population requiring treatment also increases, driving market expansion.

Furthermore, there is an increased focus on research and development activities aimed at developing new medications for CML. Pharmaceutical companies are investing in the discovery and advancement of novel treatment options to address the specific needs of CML patients. This emphasis on innovation and the development of improved therapies further drives the demand for CML treatments and stimulates market growth.

An example of such research and development efforts is the phase 2 clinical studies being conducted by Hikma Pharmaceuticals LLC. Their investigation involves the use of Dasatinib, administered at modest dosages of 50 mg per day, as a first-line therapy for CML in the newly chronic phase. These clinical trials, initiated in January 2022, are scheduled to be concluded in July 2023. Such initiatives highlight the ongoing commitment of pharmaceutical companies to advance CML treatment options and provide patients with better therapeutic choices.

As more research and development efforts yield promising results and lead to the introduction of new medications, the demand for CML treatments is expected to grow, thereby contributing to the revenue growth of the CML treatment market.

Organic and Inorganic Strategies Adopted

  • In June 2022, Novartis announced that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) had adopted a positive opinion and recommended that Scemblix (asciminib) be approved for the treatment of adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (Ph+-CP CML) who have been previously treated with two or more tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Scemblix, if approved, will be the first CML treatment in Europe to specifically target the ABL myristoyl pocket (also known as STAMP inhibitor in the scientific literature), representing a significant therapeutic advance for patients suffering from intolerance and/or resistance to currently available TKIs. therapies.
  • In October 2021, Novartis announced that Scemblix (asciminib) had been approved by the USFDA for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in two separate indications. Scemblix received accelerated approval from the FDA for adult patients with chronic phase Philadelphia chromosome positive CML (Ph+-PC CML) who had previously received at least two tyrosine kinase (TKI) inhibitors based on the rate of major molecular response (MMR) at 24 weeks; and full approval for adult patients with Ph+ CP-CML with the T315I mutation.

Major Companies In The Market Include:

  • F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.
  • Novartis AG
  • Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
  • Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
  • Pfizer Inc.
  • Sanofi
  • Merck & Co. Inc
  • Innovent Biologics, Inc.
  • Hikma Pharmaceuticals LLC
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
  • Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH

Treatment Outlook (Revenue, USD Million; 2019-2030)

  • Targeted therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Route Of Administration Outlook (Revenue, USD Million; 2019-2030)

  • Oral
  • Parenteral

Product Outlook (Revenue, USD Million; 2019-2030)

  • Tablets
  • Capsules
  • Injections
  • Others

Distribution Channels Outlook (Revenue, USD Million; 2019-2030)

  • Online
  • Offline

End-User Outlook (Revenue, USD Million; 2019-2030)

  • Hospital pharmacies
  • Online pharmacies

Retail pharmacies

Why Choose Us

Inclusion of Pre-clinical Molecules

Other than an extensive coverage of clinical and commercial drugs, our reports also provide details about pre-clinical molecules!


One of our marquee services We profile relevant start-up companies in the market.


Get access to reliable data our insights and analyses are backed by Key Opinion Leaders in the field.

Specialized in Healthcare

Our team comprises of industry specialists and research experts from life sciences area holding degree in Medicine, Doctor of Pharmacy, M.Sc. in Pharmacy, Pharma MBAs, and Biotechnology.